The Doping Control Procedure

The 11 Stages of Doping Control

When an athlete is selected for drug test, he/she goes through the 11 Stages.

It is important to note, that from the time of notification to the end of the doping control process, athlete is accompanied at all times.

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The selection may occur in three ways: 

  1. Random
  2. Established Criteria (e.g. Finishing Position)
  3. Targeted

Your urine and/or blood can collected anytime and anywhere for doping control.

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You will be notified by a doping control officer (DCO) or chaperone about your selection for doping control. You will be asked to sign a form confirming that you understand your rights and responsibilities.

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Reporting to Doping Control Station

At the DCS

You should report to the doping control station (DCS) as soon as possible.

The DCO may allow you to delay reporting to the station for activities such as a press conference or the completion of a training session; however you will be accompanied by a DCO or chaperone from the time of notification until the completion of the sample collection process.

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Choose Vessel

Selection of Beaker

When ready to urinate, you will be given a choice of individually sealed collection vessels and you may select one.

You should verify that the equipment is intact and has not been tampered with. You should maintain control of the collection vessel at all times.

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Provide Sample

Provision of Sample
  • A minimum amount of 90mL of urine will need to be provided
  • You will disrobe from knees to navel and from your hands to elbow to provide an unobstructed view of the passing of the sample
  • A DCO or Chaperone of the same gender will observe the urine leaving your body


Note: Only you and a DCO of the same gender are permitted in the washroom during the sample provision. Minors and athletes with a disability may also have their representative present, and therefore modifications to this procedure is considered. The objective is to ensure that the DCO or Chaperone is observing the sample provision correctly.

You will be required to remove any clothing from the knees to mid-chest and from the hands to the elbows.

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Split the Sample

Sample Collection Kit
  • Choose a sample collection kit from the selection provided.
  • You should verify that the equipment is intact and has not been tampered with.


  • Open the kit and confirm that the sample code numbers on the bottles, the lids, and the container all match.


  • Split the sample in the A and B bottles.


  • Pour urine up to the line in the B bottle first.


  • Next, fill the A bottle and leave a small portion in the collection vessel.


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Seal the Sample

Splitting of Sample

You should seal the "A" and "B" bottles. Your representative and the DCO should verify that the bottles are sealed properly.

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Specific Gravity

The DCO will measure the specific gravity of the sample to ensure it is not too diluted to analyze. If it is too dilute, you may be required to provide additional samples.

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Sign the Form

complete paperwork

You will complete the Doping Control Form, by:

  • providing personal information
  • noting any substances you may be taking: prescription medication, over the counter medication and supplements
  • noting concerns or comments, if you have any, about the doping control
  • confirming the information, recorded numbers and sample code are correct
  • signing and receiving your copy of the doping control form
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Sample Analysis

Laboratory Process

Samples will be sent to a WADA Accredited Laboratory in strict confidentiality and will be tracked to ensure their security.

Your A sample will be analyzed and your B sample will be securely stored for further testing if required. The laboratory will send the results to the responsbile anti-doping organization (ADO) and WADA.

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