About the Sport
VENUE: Gymnasium 2, Faleata Sports Complex
COMPETITION DATES: Wednesday August 29th - Friday September 7th 2007
Basketball is a fast moving, action packed game, ideal for spectators, and enjoyed by both men and women. The sport's long history in the region began with the establishment of the Oceania Basketball Confederation in 1968. Basketball has been a sport in the South Pacific Games since 1963, when 7 countries enterd the men's only competition. Tahiti took the gold medal in that event. Women joined the basketball program in 1966, when Tahiti took the gold in both the women's and men's competition.
The game is played by two teams of five players each with the aim to score in the opponent's basket, often using sweeping moves, quick passing and agile scoring maneuvers. The opposing team's aim is to prevent the
other team from scoring.
Spectators often enjoy the exceptional shooting skills on display, such as the `slam dunk' where the player is able to jump and move through the air above the ring and forcing the ball through the hoop. Another favorite is the three point shot, where the shooter is able to release the ball through the hoop at a considerable distance
from the ring which warrants an extra point, rather than the usual two points awarded for a basket.
Height is a big advantage in basketball where players can use this to score points, pass and defend more readily. All of these features means basketball is an impressive spectator sport, sure to draw the crowds in during the XIII South Pacific Games.
Basketball is a game played between two teams consisting of a maximum of 12 players, with 5
players per team on the court at any one time with the aim of shooting as many baskets by the end of the allotted time.
The international game is played on a court measuring 28m long by 15m wide, with a basket at each end, positioned 3.05m high and 1.2m inside the endline.
Teams score by dropping the ball through their opponents' basket; scoring two points, or three points for a long range throw made from outside a 6.25m arc.
The game consists of two 20 minute halves. If the score is tied at the end of the play, a 5 minute overtime is played.
The half-time interval lasts 15 minutes. In the event of a tie, additional periods of five minutes overtime is played until a winner is determined.
Players can move the ball forward by passing, shooting or dribbling (bouncing the ball when running). Kicking or punching the ball is not allowed.
Basketball is a non-contact sport and a foul is called when a player physically clashes with an opponent. After a foul, the referee can award a side ball or uncontested free throws to the opposition as a penalty.
Please refer to the Basketball Manual for specific rules according to the SPG 2007 Competition.
The sport was only created at end of the 19th century in the U.S. by Dr James Naismith. It began as an indoor game to keep YMCA students fit during the winter months at Springfield College in Massachusetts.
Basketball swiftly spread through YMCA organisations across the U.S, where it made an early appearance at the Olympic Games as a demonstration sport at St. Louis in 1904.
FIBA is the International Basketball Federation, having been formed on June 18th 1932 following a meeting of representatives of 8 federations; Argentina, Czechoslovakia, Greece, Italy, Latvia, Portugal, Romania and Switzerland. Basketball made it Olympic Debut at the 1936 Munich Games, but women did not get to play Olympic Basketball until 1976The game received a huge boost during the 1992 Olympics in Barcelona, whenthe International Olympic Committee allowed professional athletes to participate in the Games - and in the basketball event of 1992 fans worldwide were treated to the fantastic physical skills of the USA "Dream team", led by Michael Jordan.
The Oceania region has enjoyed an active 34 year history focusing on the development and progress of the sport in the region. Australia proudly holds the title of "Best Women's Team in the World" following their gold medal at the 2006 World Championships. Both Australia and New Zealand are regular participants in the Olympic Games and World Championship basketball program, something that has bought life and motivation to our sport in the 'watery wonderland' that is Oceania.
On the development front, the main challenge for FIBA Oceania has, and will continue to be, developing Island based players, officials and facilities to compete in international events, such as the South Pacific Games.